Our body goes through a time period of healing after experiencing an injury and illness. When pain persists longer than it should, 3 to 6 months, or more, it is considered chronic pain. It can become progressively worse and recur intermittently.
Recently, healthcare professionals have begun to refer to chronic pain as persistent pain. This reframes the condition and its symptoms to being a temporary condition as opposed to a more permanent one.
In the past, doctors believed that once an injury or disease was cured that the chronic pain would also disappear. When no underlying cause can be found for persistent pain, patients are often told that the pain is “in your head”.
However, in 2016 the Department of Health and Human Services released a National Pain Strategy proposing improved access to quality care and better tracking to determine effective therapies for persistent pain.
Pain comes from messages sent through the peripheral and central nervous system to processing centers in the brain. Sometimes, chronic pain begins without an obvious cause, but in most cases, it is due to an injury or health condition.
Leading causes of chronic pain include past injuries or surgeries, skeletal and muscular issues, arthritis, nerve damage, infections, and Fibromyalgia, a condition in which people feel muscle pain through their body.
Traditionally, doctors have prescribed a mix of physical therapy and medications to treat patients who suffer from chronic pain. Health care providers can prescribe synthetic opioids or opiates to alleviate patient’s suffering.
In 2017, the CDC reported that between 1999 and 2015 more than 183,000 people have died in the US from overdoses related to prescription opioids. Studies also show that patients taking prescription opioids have a directly correlated risk of becoming addicted to heroin.
The FDA classifies opioids and opiates as schedule II drugs, warning that long-term habitual use greatly increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, and liver damage.
Common over the counter pain medications, such as Aspirin and Ibuprofen, could possibly be the cause at least half of all bleeding ulcers, especially within the Gastrointestinal Tract.
NSAIDs are also linked to increased risk of renal failure. They have been shown to increase heart failure by an astounding 19%. NSAIDs have been linked to Reye’s syndrome as well.
Medical marijuana, or cannabis, contains chemical compounds that have analgesic properties. Bioactive chemical compounds found in cannabis, or cannabinoids, bind with receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system.
CB1 and CB2 receptors within the endocannabinoid system are found throughout the peripheral and central nervous system. They are able to modulate nociception, opioid production, and various other homeostatic regulations within the body.
Medical Marijuana alleviates chronic pain by working with the body’s natural pain management system, and research suggests that cannabis can be safely and effectively used to reduce pain and inflammation associated with chronic pain.
Patients who suffer from chronic pain find that [Indica dominant strains] provide stronger, longer lasting relief than sativa dominant strains. However, certain [hybrid strains] may increase the entourage effect and therefore help to reduce further pain and inflammation.
The effects of medical marijuana strains on patients are, in a broad sense predictable, but will vary from person to person. Some patients prefer to ingest cannabis by smoking or [vaporizing], while others report more effective relief by ingestion of cannabis-infused edible. Consult with a physician and medical marijuana professional about using cannabis. Find linked below a list of strains reported to help with others to manage chronic pain.
· [[Blue Dynamite]]
· [[Super Sour Diesel]]
· [[Waipi’o Hapa]]
· [[Walter 2014]]
· [[Asian Fantasy]]
· [[Australian Blue]]
· [[Big White]]
· [[White Romulan]]
· [[24k Gold]]
· [[Afghan Skunk]]
· [[Agent Orange]]
· [[Amnesia Haze]]
· [[Ancient OG]]
· [[Arjans’s Ultra Haze #1]]
· [[BC Big Bud]]
· [[Big Bud]]