About ADD/ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder: (commonly referred to as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) a developmental disorder that is marked especially by persistent symptoms of inattention (such as distractibility, forgetfulness, or disorganization) or by symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity (such as fidgeting, speaking out of turn, or restlessness) or by symptoms of all three and that is not caused by any serious underlying physical or mental disorder.

-The Merriam-Webster Dictionary

 

The American Psychological Association first included [ADD] in their third edition of “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” (DSM) in 1980.

 

What Causes ADHD

Genetic Basis

 

Studies show that mice deficient in the [DAT1] gene, or the dopamine transporter, also lacked atypical [CB-1 receptor] abilities. CB-1 receptors are a part of the [endocannabinoid system] and when agonized they have the ability to modulate the body’s various systems of health and wellness.

 

Anandamide is a bioactive lipid, also considered an endocannabinoid, which occurs naturally in the brain and some foods, like chocolate that binds to the same specialized receptors as [cannabinoids], CB-1, CB-2, etc.

 

Anandamide is metabolized by the CB1 and CB2 receptors and plays an important role in the regulation of appetite, pleasure, pain, fertility, cancer cell proliferation, and hormonal balance. It is also synthesized in areas of the brain that are important in memory, motivation, higher thought processes, movement control.

 

Anandamide and ADHD

 

Studies investigating the relationship between anandamide and [ADHD] found that by inhibiting the uptake of anandamide by the [endocannabinoid system] reduced hyperactivity and increased attention spans.

 

Also suggested is that prenatal disturbances to the endocannabinoid system underlie the later development of a range of neuropsychiatric conditions including autism, schizophrenia, and ADHD due to reduced levels of anandamide during pregnancy.

 

Normal Treatment Methods

 

A 2017 study by the Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health published in The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry found that ADHD medication is ineffective in long-term treatment and also suppresses growth if taken into adulthood.

 

Despite having no scientific evidence to support the diagnosis, ADHD has become one of the most commonly diagnosed childhood psychiatric “disorders”. Research shows that the number of ADHD medications prescribed to children increased 45% from 2002 to 2010.

 

Pediatricians or Psychiatrists diagnose ADHD and normally prescribe a combination of medication and psychosocial therapy. Pharmacological medications prescribed are divided into stimulant and none stimulant medications. They include:

 

[Stimulant Medication]

[Non-stimulant Medication]

 

·   Methylphenidate

·   Dextroamphetamine

·   Levoamphetamine

·       Clonidine

·   Guanfacine

 

·   Atomoxetine

·   Bupropion and Tricyclic    antidepressants

·   Modafinil

 

 

Negative Side Effects of ADHD Medications

 

The #1 and #2 most prescribed brands of medications for ADHD are Ritalin and Adderall. The DEA classifies both Ritalin and Adderall as schedule II drugs along with cocaine, morphine, and opium. Schedule II drugs are defined by the DEA as substances or chemicals having a high potential for abuse, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependencies

 

According to a 2015 study on 141 children, researchers found that children on ADHD drugs were four times more likely to experience psychotic symptoms, including hallucinations and delusions. Nine countries have issued sixty warnings about the dangers of ADHD medications citing the following side effects:

 

·   Heart problems

·   Mania/psychosis

·   Cardiovascular problems

·   Death

·   Anxiety

·   Dependence

·   Violence

·   Hostility

·   Aggression

·   Seizures/convulsions

·   Agitation

·   Suicide risk

·   Addiction

 

How Medical Marijuana Can Help With ADHD

 

Research suggests that ADHD is related to DAT1 gene and dopamine deficiency and is also correlated with abnormal functioning, or a deficiency, of CB-1 and CB-2 receptors.

 

This suggests that people diagnosed with ADHD lack the essential cannabinoids needed for the endocannabinoid system to properly function, affecting a multitude of the body’s physiology, including the nervous system and brain.

 

Medical marijuana has [phytocannabinoids] such as THC, CBD, CBG, CBC, CBT, and CBN. These cannabinoids help to stabilize the endocannabinoid system by assisting the increase in levels of [dopamine] and [anandamide] in the body.

 

Medical Marijuana is a Safer and More effective than normal ADHD medications

 

ADHD sufferers often feel restless inside mentally and physically. In many cases, symptoms of ADHD are worsened with traditional pharmaceuticals and those diagnosed turn to drugs and alcohol to manage their symptoms.

 

Estimates show that up to 45% of ADHD-diagnosed adults abuse, or are dependent on alcohol, and up to 30% are dependent on drugs other than alcohol. Further evidence suggests that those who suffer from ADHD, and who use [cannabis] to self-medicate, report that their ADHD symptoms are reduced and feelings of “internal restlessness” are calmed.

 

Recent studies published in the journal, CNS Neurological Disorders and Drug Targets, show that CBD has antidepressant and anxiolytic properties, which supports the anecdotal reports of patients.  CBD, and some THC can actually help to improve concentration and reduce symptoms of ADHD.

 

Too much THC may not beneficial for those with ADHD, or other mental health conditions due to its psychoactive properties. However, CBD can actually counter psychoactive effects of THC. High-CBD Strains and some [hybrid strains] of medical marijuana are recommended as safe alternatives to traditional ADHD medications. Below are links to some of the best strains available for treating symptoms of ADHD.

·   [[3X Crazy]]

·   [[Allen Wrench]]

·   [[Alpha Blue]]

·   [[Bay 11]]

·   [[Black Cherry    Cheesecake]]                                                                                        

·   [[Blue Boy]]

·   [[Blue Haze]]

·   [[Bubbleberry]]

·   [[Cali Kush]]


 

·   [[Cherry Pie]]

·   [[Dutch Hawaiian]]

·   [[Green Goddess]]

·   [[Gucci OG]]

·   [[Headbanger]]

·   [[Huckleberry]]

·   [[Jesus OG]]

·   [[Lucky Charms]]

·   [[Middlefork]]

·   [[Cherry OG]]

·   [[Candy Cane]]

 

Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/28576350/#fft

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28295312

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16199010

Loss of striatal cannabinoid CB1 receptor function in attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder mice with point-mutation of the dopamine transporter.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149763403000150?np=y

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00213-009-1542-3

http://thecannapedia.org/could-addadhd-be-a-cannabinoid-deficiency/

https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/cannabis-as-a-treatment-for-addadhd

https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/cannabinoid-science-101-what-is-anandamide/

http://www.europeanneuropsychopharmacology.com/article/S0924-977X(17)30237-7/fulltext

https://www.healthline.com/health/adhd/history#overview1

http://www.chadd.org/understanding-adhd/about-adhd/data-and-statistics/general-prevalence.aspx

http://www.chadd.org/understanding-adhd/about-adhd/treatment-of-adhd.aspx

http://reset.me/story/anandamide-putting-the-liss-molecule-to-work-for-your-brain/

https://childmind.org/article/adhd-meds-lead-addiction/

https://www.cchrint.org/2017/04/05/study-shows-long-term-use-of-adhd-drugs-ineffective-as-treatment-but-do-cause-growth-suppression/#_edn1

https://healthyhempoil.com/phytocannabinoids/

Schier de Mello (2014) CNS Neurological Disorders Drug Targets. Antidepressant like and anxiolytic like effects of cannabidiol

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