Before smoking, I am sure you have examined one of your cannabis buds and noticed all the complex details that make up that bud. This article will go in-depth about these complex characteristics and tell you exactly why they're there.
All the buds that you consume, will be from a female marijuana plant. This is because female plants produce large resin-secreting flowers. These resin-secreting flowers are potent flowers that we end up consuming because they are cannabinoid-rich buds (THC filled). The male flowers will need to be thrown out unless you are specifically looking for seeds. If left to grow with the female plants, they could destroy your entire crop!
The cola (also known as the apical bud) is the largest cluster of flowers located at the top of the cannabis plant. There are many techniques that gardeners can use to increase the number of colas present on a flowering female cannabis plant.
The calyx is the actual bud itself, it is what actually forms into the female flower. You may just think cannabis buds are just a bunch of knotted and tangled leaves but in reality they are tiny sugar leaves in tear-shaped nodules. These calyxes contain the highest concentrations of tricomes.
Pistils can be described as the "hairs" that poke out from each calyx. They always appear first as white colored and can turn over time into an orange, red, or even brown coloring. They are specifcally found on female plants, and are there to capture the pollen from a male plant. Some say that bright orange pistils correlate to better quality cannabis, but in reality, pistil's contain very little tricomes, which contain THC.
The most important part of a cannabis plant is its tricomes. They are sometimes incredibly hard to see, but they are the crystal resin on a cannabis bud. It is secreated through translucent, mushroom-shaped glands on the leaves, stems, and calyxes. They are the most important because they ooze cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.